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How We Form First Impression

  • 时间:2017-10-23 11:12
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摘要:(一) How We Form First Impression 根据短文的内容,回答下列的试题。 (1) We all have first impression of someone we just met. But why? Why do we form an opinion about someone without really knowing anything about him or h

  (一)
                                 How We Form First Impression
根据短文的内容,回答下列的试题。
(1) We all have first impression of someone we just met. But why? Why do we form an opinion about someone without really knowing anything about him or her--aside perhaps from a few remarks or readily observable traits.
(2) The answer is related to how your brain allows you to be aware of the world. Your brain is so sensitive in picking up facial traits, even very minor difference in how a person's eyes, ears,nose, or mouth are placed in relation to each other makes you see him or her as different. In fact, your brain continuously process incoming sensory information——the sights and sounds of your world. These incoming "signals" are compared against a host of "memories" stored in the brain areas called the cortex system to determine what these new signals "mean".
(3) If you see someone you know and like at school, your brain says "familiar and safe". If you see someone new, it says, "new-potentially, threatening". Then your brain starts to match features of this stranger with other "known" memories. The height, weight, dress, ethnicity,gestures, and tone of voice are all matched up. The more unfamiliar the characteristics, the more your brain may say, "This is new. I don't like this person." Or else, "I'm intrigued." Or your brain may perceive a new face but familiar clothes, ethnicity, gestures--like your other friends; so your brain says: "I like this person." But these preliminary "impressions" can be dead wrong.
(4) When we stereotype people, we use a less mature form of thinking (not unlike the immature thinking of a very young child) that makes simplistic and categorical impressions of others. Rather than learn about the depth and breadth of people--their history, interest, values,strengths, and true character--we categorize them as jocks, geeks, or freaks.
(5) However, if we resist initial stereotypical impressions, we have a chance to be aware of what a person is truly like. If we spend time with a person, hear about his or her life, hopes, dreams, and become aware of the person's character, we use a different, more mature style of thinking——and the most complex areas of our cortex, which allow us to be humane.

不定项选择题第1题We can use our more mature style of thinking thanks to.

A.a stranger's less mature type of thinking

B.the most complex areas of our cortex

C.the immature form of thinking of a very young child

D.the meaning of incoming sensory information

E.the sights and sounds of the world

F.an opportunity to analyze different forms of thinking

参考答案:B

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不定项选择题第2题Paragraph 5 __________

A.Ways of departure from immature and simplistic impressions.

B.Comment on first impression

C.Illustration of first impression

D.Comparing incoming sensory information against memories.

E.Threatening aspect of first impressions.

F.Differences among Jocks, Geeks and Freaks.

参考答案:A

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不定项选择题第3题The way we stereotype people is a less mature form of thinking, which is similar to.

A.a stranger's less mature type of thinking

B.the most complex areas of our cortex

C.the immature form of thinking of a very young child

D.the meaning of incoming sensory information

E.the sights and sounds of the world

F.an opportunity to analyze different forms of thinking

参考答案:C

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不定项选择题第4题You interpret by comparing it against the memories already stored in your brain.

A.a stranger's less mature type of thinking

B.the most complex areas of our cortex

C.the immature form of thinking of a very young child

D.the meaning of incoming sensory information

E.the sights and sounds of the world

F.an opportunity to analyze different forms of thinking

参考答案:D

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不定项选择题第5题Sensory information is one that is perceived through.

A.a stranger's less mature type of thinking

B.the most complex areas of our cortex

C.the immature form of thinking of a very young child

D.the meaning of incoming sensory information

E.the sights and sounds of the world

F.an opportunity to analyze different forms of thinking

参考答案:E

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不定项选择题第6题Paragraph 3 __________

A.Ways of departure from immature and simplistic impressions.

B.Comment on first impression

C.Illustration of first impression

D.Comparing incoming sensory information against memories.

E.Threatening aspect of first impressions.

F.Differences among Jocks, Geeks and Freaks.

参考答案:C

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不定项选择题第7题Paragraph 2 __________

A.Ways of departure from immature and simplistic impressions

B.Comment on first impression

C.Illustration of first impression

D.Comparing incoming sensory information against memories.

E.Threatening aspect of first impressions.

F.Differences among Jocks, Geeks and Freaks.

参考答案:D

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不定项选择题第8题Paragraph 4 __________

A.Ways of departure from immature and simplistic impressions.

B.Comment on first impression

C.Illustration of first impression

D.Comparing incoming sensory information against memories.

E.Threatening aspect of first impressions

F.Differences among Jocks, Geeks and Freaks.

参考答案:B

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