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2018职称英语《卫生B》词汇选项模拟题及答案(5)

  • 时间:2018-01-05 14:51
  • 作者:外语小编
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摘要:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分) 阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求

 概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上.

  English and English Community

  1 There is no doubt that English is a useful language.The people who speak English today make up the largest speech community in the world with the exception of speakers of Chinese.

  2 A speech community is similar to other kinds of communities.The people who make up the community share a common language.Often they live side by side, as they do in a neighborhood (街坊),a village,or a city.More often they form a whole country.National boundaries,however,are not always the same as the boundaries of a speech community.A speech community is any group of people who speak the same language no matter where they happen to live.

  3 We may say that anyone who speaks English belongs to the English speech community.For convenience(方便),we may divide the speakers into two groups: one in which the speakers use English as their native language, the other in which the speakers 1earn English as a second language for the purpose of education,commerce,and so on.

  4 Learning a second language extends one’s vision and expands the mind.The history and literature of a second language record the real and fictional(虚构的)lives of people and their culture;a knowledge of them adds to our ability to understand and to feel as they feel.Learning English as a second language provides another means of communication through which the window of the entire English speech community becomes a part of our heritage.

  23 Paragraph 1

  24 Paragraph 2

  25 Paragraph 3

  26 Paragraph 4

  A Threat Posed by English

  B Definition of a Speech Community

  C Benefits of Learning a Second Language

  D Advantages of Learning Chinese

  E Two Groups of the English Speech Community

  F A Widely Used Language

  27 Overall there are more speakers of Chinese than of .

  28 The boundaries of a speech community may be different from .

  29 People who live in different places may belong to .

  30 Many people learn English as .

  A a second language

  B the same language

  C the same speech community

  D any other language

  E national boundaries

  F a part of one’s heritage

  答案解析

  23 F 文章第一段介绍说世界上除了汉语之外,应用最广的就是英语了。

  24 B 文章第二段主要讲的是什么是“a speech community”,即“a speech community”的定义。

  25 E 文章第三段进而将“the English speech community”分为两组,即以英语为母语的人为一组和以英语为第二语言的人为一组。

  26 C 文章第四段主要讲学习第二语言的益处。

  27 D 从文章第一段可以得知,说汉语的人比说任何其他语言的人都要多。

  28 E 从文章第二段可以得知,“a speech community”的边界与一个国家的边界有可能不同。

  29 C 从文章第二段可以得知,居住在不同地区的人们却有可能同属一个“speech community”。

  30 A 从文章第二段可以推断,许多人将英语作为第二语言来学。

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