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2017职称英语考试最易记错词汇

  • 时间:2017-04-16 21:19
  • 作者:外语小编
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摘要:1.与常见动词形成的固定搭配; 如:depend on/ 依靠, rely on/依靠, look after/看管,照料, result from/ .由引起, result in/ 致使,造成的结果, protect from /保护不受到, preventfrom/ 防止遭受到, die of/from/ 死于

  1.与常见动词形成的固定搭配; 如:depend on…/ 依靠, rely on…/依靠, look after…/看管,照料, result from…/ .由…引起, result in…/ 致使,造成…的结果, protect …from /保护…不受到, prevent…from…/ 防止…遭受到…, die of/from…/ 死于, feed on… /以…为食, live on… /靠…活着

  2.与形容词,过去分词形成的固定搭配;如:afraid of…/害怕, angry at…/因某事生气,angry with… /对某人发怒, aware of…/知道,意识到,good at…/善于,satisfied with…/对…感到满意。(请参考在有关形容词的讲义中所列举的“形容词+ 介词”的短语结构)

  3. 与名词搭配的形成的固定搭配; 如:ability of …/做…的能力curiosity about…/对…好奇 key/answer to…/…的答案, demand for…/对…的需要, struggle against…/与…作斗争

  值得我们注意的简单介词:about, above, after, against, along, among, around, as, at, behind, below, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, despite, down, except, for, in, like, near, off, on, opposite (opposite to), over, since, through, till, towards, to, under, until, up, with;

  值得我们注意的合成介词:inside, upon, into, within, outside, throughout;

  值得我们注意的成语介词:according to依照, except for除了, in front of在。。(地点)前面, instead of代替, on account of由于, due to由于, owing to由于;

  分词介词:considering考虑到, concerning有关, including包括, regarding关于

  介词短语在句子中可以作定语,状语,表语和补足语。

  作定语 Who is the girl in the blue dress?/那个穿着蓝衣服的女孩是谁?

  作状语 Of all kinds of electric motors this one is most widely used./在所有的电动机中这一台是最广泛使用的。

  作表语 These computers are of the same type./这些计算机是同类型的。

  作补足语 Everywhere you go, you will see machines at work./无论你到哪儿,你都会看见机器在工作。

  课堂练习:阅读下面的文章,注意介词结构的使用功能和含义:

  (From The Building of the Pyramids)

  The oldest stone buildings in the world are pyramids. They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems likely that they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet. There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the "Step" pyramids and the "Bent" pyramids.

  Some of the pyramids still look much the same as they must have done when they were built thousands of (固定搭配结构:数以千计的…)years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of (固定搭配结构:由…造成)men who were looking for (固定搭配结构:寻找…)treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings. The dry climate of(所属关系) Egypt has helped to preserve the pyramids, and their very shape has made them less likely to fall into (固定搭配结构:陷于(某种状态),变成为)ruin.

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